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Selected exercises in particle and nuclear physics
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2300614
This book presents more than 300 exercises, with guided solutions, on topics that span both the experimental and the theoretical aspects of particle physics. The exercises are organized by subject, covering kinematics, interactions of particles with matter, particle detectors, hadrons and resonances, electroweak interactions and flavor physics, statistics and data analysis, and accelerators and beam dynamics. Some 200 of the exercises, including 50 in multiple-choice format, derive from exams set by the Italian National Institute for Nuclear Research (INFN) over the past decade to select its scientific staff of experimental researchers. The remainder comprise problems taken from the undergraduate classes at ETH Zurich or inspired by classic textbooks. Whenever appropriate, in-depth information is provided on the source of the problem, and readers will also benefit from the inclusion of bibliographic details and short dissertations on particular topics. This book is an ideal complement to textbooks on experimental and theoretical particle physics and will enable students to evaluate their knowledge and preparedness for exams. .Bianchini, LorenzoWed, 17 Jan 2018 13:08:30 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/2300614['']L'opération Spinoza
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2300204
Un professeur de philosophie, paisible et casanier, se voit suggérer un insolite travail de recherche sur les antiquités éthiopiennes. Pris au jeu, voulant se mesurer à une mystérieuse rivale qui le précède en tout, il se trouve vite entraîné de plus en plus loin de son quotidien, vers Paris, Rome et jusqu’à la Corne de l’Afrique, l’une des plus fascinantes, mais aussi des plus « chaudes » régions du monde. En réalité, manipulé de bout en bout, acteur involontaire du Grand Jeu que se livrent de grandes puissances, il tombe de piège en piège. « Pâtissant plus qu’agissant », comme aurait dit son maître Spinoza, il connaîtra encore, bien malgré lui, Somalie et Arabie, pour échouer finalement en Asie Centrale.Treille, DanielMon, 15 Jan 2018 13:33:19 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/2300204['']La journée de Bo
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2300194
Après le départ de ses collègues, retournés à l’Institut, Bo se retrouve seul dans l’Observatoire, installé à très haute altitude dans un cadre grandiose, quelque part en Asie centrale, maître d’un stupéfiant champ d’antennes tournées vers le cosmos, qui scrutent l’espace à la recherche des premières sources de lumière de l’univers. Il a alors tout loisir de donner libre cours à ses pensées, laissant vagabonder son esprit au fil des événements qui l’ont amené là et des impressions qu’il retrouve. Daniel Treille nous propose de l’accompagner le temps d’une journée de travail, qui commence comme d'autres, mais va s’achever d'une manière bien singulière. Mêlant souvenirs personnels, expériences de sa vie professionnelle et regards sur le monde actuel, sa méditation prend aussi et surtout la forme d’une réflexion sur la modernité technologique, la science, la transmission du savoir, sur fond d’observations géopolitiques, faisant ainsi de La Journée de Bo un récit d’une vive acuité sur le monde contemporain.Treille, DanielMon, 15 Jan 2018 13:03:41 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/2300194['']Au pont du trieur
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2300190
Une existence qui bifurque, cela tient à très peu. » De son orphelinat népalais, une femme raconte les accidents de la vie qui l’ont menée d’une bourgade vosgienne à cet autre monde. Elle évoque ses premiers souvenirs d’enfance, de dramatiques épisodes de la guerre, son petit frère, la splendeur éphémère de leur famille d’industriels, sa révolte de jeune femme face à son redoutable grand-père. Ses tribulations parisiennes à la recherche de son frère disparu la mènent à rompre soudain avec une existence qu’elle n’aime plus pour partir en vivre une autre toute différente.Treille, DanielMon, 15 Jan 2018 12:51:10 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/2300190['']Le tournoi des ombres
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2300187
Le lecteur, transporté avec le narrateur dans une région hors norme, est invité à partager sa fascination pour la beauté du lieu, à découvrir la chronique de son passé, rude et pittoresque. Il va côtoyer une galerie de personnages très attachants, mais aux destinées bousculées par l histoire, et assister à l agitation montante du présent dans un contexte d une actualité brûlante. Ce quatrième roman de Daniel Treille, mêlant hardiment les genres, du quotidien trivial au récit épique, de considérations géopolitiques à quelques avancées de la science moderne, confirme son talent à mener, d une écriture très aboutie, une histoire complexe, peuplée de héros singuliersTreille, DanielMon, 15 Jan 2018 12:24:04 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/2300187['']Il mondo secondo la fisica quantistica: segreti e meraviglie della scienza che sta cambiando la nostra vita
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2299735
Questo libro è un'avventura esclusiva e affascinante. Un viaggio, anche nel tempo, alla scoperta di qualcosa di nuovo e di straordinario: la Fisica Quantistica, nelle sue logiche, nelle sue potenzialità, nelle sue applicazioni e nei suoi possibili sviluppi. All'interno del volume vengono ricostruiti passo dopo passo i momenti fondamentali del pensiero quantistico, le questioni su cui si sono interrogati i più grandi scienziati degli ultimi decenni, e i diversi contesti nei quali si sono evoluti i principali modelli della Meccanica Quantistica. Sullo sfondo delle ricerche più attuali - come per esempio quella sulle onde gravitazionali che ha portato al Nobel per la Fisica 2017 -, vengono indagati anche i rapporti esistenti fra Fisica Quantistica, Relatività Einsteiniana e Teoria delle Stringhe. Inoltre, fra i tanti temi trattati nelle sue pagine, trovano spazio persino le incredibili ricadute che gli studi sulla Fisica Quantistica stanno avendo negli ambiti della medicina e delle ricerche sul cervello e sulla coscienza. Esauriente, intrigante, autorevole, Il mondo secondo la Fisica Quantistica - caso unico ed eccezionale - è basato sul confronto diretto con gli scienziati che si occupano degli studi più avanzati e che sono i protagonisti delle ricerche più recenti. Al contempo, grazie alla competenza e alla capacità divulgativa dell'autore, queste pagine affascinano con esempi chiari e illuminanti legati alla vita di tutti i giorni, sorprendono per la completezza dei concetti, svelano il presente e il futuro di una visione rivoluzionaria del mondo.Fracas, FabioWed, 10 Jan 2018 12:24:57 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/2299735['']Quantum mechanics and electrodynamics
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2293554
This book highlights the power and elegance of algebraic methods of solving problems in quantum mechanics. It shows that symmetries not only provide elegant solutions to problems that can be solved exactly, but also substantially simplify problems that must be solved approximately. Furthermore, the book provides an elementary exposition of quantum electrodynamics and its application to low-energy physics, along with a thorough analysis of the role of relativistic, magnetic, and quantum electrodynamic effects in atomic spectroscopy. Included are essential derivations made clear through detailed, transparent calculations. The book’s commitment to deriving advanced results with elementary techniques, as well as its inclusion of exercises will enamor it to advanced undergraduate and graduate students.Benda, JakubZamastil, JaroslavTue, 21 Nov 2017 07:44:32 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/2293554['']Building the general relativity and gravitation community during the Cold War
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2293546
This monograph presents a new perspective on the history of general relativity. It outlines the attempts to establish an institutional framework for the promotion of the field during the Cold War. Readers will learn the difficulties that key figures experienced and overcame during this period of global conflict. The author analyzes the subtle interconnections between scientific and political factors. He shows how politics shaped the evolution of general relativity, even though it is a field with no military applications. He also details how different scientists held quite different views about what “political” meant in their efforts to pursue international cooperation. The narrative examines the specific epistemic features of general relativity that helped create the first official, international scientific society. It answers: Why did relativity bring about this unique result? Was it simply the product of specific actions of particular actors having an illuminated view of international relations in the specific context of the Cold War? Or, was there something in the nature of the field that inspired the actors to pioneer new ways of international cooperation? The book will be of interest to historians of modern science, historians of international relations, and historians of institutions. It will also appeal to physicists and interested general readers.Lalli, RobertoTue, 21 Nov 2017 07:03:46 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/2293546['']Statistical methods for data analysis in particle physics
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2293457
This concise set of course-based notes provides the reader with the main concepts and tools needed to perform statistical analyses of experimental data, in particular in the field of high-energy physics (HEP). First, the book provides an introduction to probability theory and basic statistics, mainly intended as a refresher from readers’ advanced undergraduate studies, but also to help them clearly distinguish between the Frequentist and Bayesian approaches and interpretations in subsequent applications. More advanced concepts and applications are gradually introduced, culminating in the chapter on both discoveries and upper limits, as many applications in HEP concern hypothesis testing, where the main goal is often to provide better and better limits so as to eventually be able to distinguish between competing hypotheses, or to rule out some of them altogether. Many worked-out examples will help newcomers to the field and graduate students alike understand the pitfalls involved in applying theoretical concepts to actual data. This new second edition significantly expands on the original material, with more background content (e.g. the Markov Chain Monte Carlo method, best linear unbiased estimator), applications (unfolding and regularization procedures, control regions and simultaneous fits, machine learning concepts) and examples (e.g. look-elsewhere effect calculation).Lista, LucaMon, 20 Nov 2017 15:47:39 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/2293457['']A map of the invisible: journeys into particle physics
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2292431
What is the universe really made of? How do we know? Follow the map of the invisible to find out... Over the last sixty years, scientists around the world have worked together to explore the fundamental constituents of matter, and the forces that govern their behaviour. The result, so far, is the ‘Standard Model’ of elementary particles: a theoretical map of the basic building blocks of the universe. With the discovery of the Higgs boson in 2012, the map as we know it was completed, but also extended into strange new territory. A Map of the Invisible is an explorer’s guide to the Standard Model and the extraordinary realms of particle physics. After shrinking us down to the size of a sub-atomic particle, pioneering physicist Jon Butterworth takes us on board his research vessel for a journey in search of atoms and quarks, electrons and neutrinos, and the forces that shape the universe. Step by step, discovery by discovery, we journey into the world of the unseen, from the atom to black holes and dark matter, and beyond, to the outer reaches of the cosmos and the frontiers of human knowledge. Beautifully illustrated, with gradually evolving maps offering an inventive visual glossary as the journey progresses, A Map of the Invisible provides an essential introduction to our world, and to particle physics. It is a landmark work of non-fiction by one of the great scientists and science writers of today.Butterworth, JonFri, 10 Nov 2017 07:13:34 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/2292431['']Data analysis techniques for physical scientists
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2291969
A comprehensive guide to data analysis techniques for physical scientists, providing a valuable resource for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, as well as seasoned researchers. The book begins with an extensive discussion of the foundational concepts and methods of probability and statistics under both the frequentist and Bayesian interpretations of probability. It next presents basic concepts and techniques used for measurements of particle production cross-sections, correlation functions, and particle identification. Much attention is devoted to notions of statistical and systematic errors, beginning with intuitive discussions and progressively introducing the more formal concepts of confidence intervals, credible range, and hypothesis testing. The book also includes an in-depth discussion of the methods used to unfold or correct data for instrumental effects associated with measurement and process noise as well as particle and event losses, before ending with a presentation of elementary Monte Carlo techniques.Pruneau, Claude ATue, 07 Nov 2017 14:37:42 GMT27 Oct 2017https://cds.cern.ch/record/2291969['']Atom land: guided tour through the strange (and impossibly small) world of particle physics
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2291449
For fans of Seven Brief Lessons on Physics and Astrophysics for People in a Hurry: a richly conjured world, in map and metaphor, of particle physics. Atom Land brings the impossibly small world of particle physics to life, taking readers on a guided journey through the subatomic world. Readers will sail the subatomic seas in search of electron ports, boson continents, and hadron islands. The sea itself is the quantum field, complete with quantum waves. Beware dark energy and extra dimensions, embodied by fantastical sea creatures prowling the far edges of the known world. Your tour guide through this whimsical—and highly instructive— world is Jon Butterworth, leading physicist at CERN (the epicenter of today’s greatest findings in physics). Over a series of journeys, he shows how everything fits together, and how a grasp of particle physics is key to unlocking a deeper understanding of many of the most profound mysteries—and science’s possible answers—in the known universe.Butterworth, JonFri, 03 Nov 2017 07:02:34 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/2291449['']Theoretical physics 7: quantum mechanics : methods and applications
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2287950
This textbook offers a clear and comprehensive introduction to methods and applications in quantum mechanics, one of the core components of undergraduate physics courses. It follows on naturally from the previous volumes in this series, thus developing the understanding of quantized states further on. The first part of the book introduces the quantum theory of angular momentum and approximation methods. More complex themes are covered in the second part of the book, which describes multiple particle systems and scattering theory. Ideally suited to undergraduate students with some grounding in the basics of quantum mechanics, the book is enhanced throughout with learning features such as boxed inserts and chapter summaries, with key mathematical derivations highlighted to aid understanding. The text is supported by numerous worked examples and end of chapter problem sets. About the Theoretical Physics series Translated from the renowned and highly successful German editions, the eight volumes of this series cover the complete core curriculum of theoretical physics at undergraduate level. Each volume is self-contained and provides all the material necessary for the individual course topic. Numerous problems with detailed solutions support a deeper understanding. Nolting is famous for his refined didactical style and has been referred to as the "German Feynman" in reviews.Nolting, WolfgangTue, 10 Oct 2017 08:27:22 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/2287950['']The development of elementary quantum theory
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2287949
This book traces the evolution of the ideas that eventually resulted in the elementary quantum theory in 1925/26. Further, it discusses the essential differences between the fundamental equations of Quantum Theory derived by Born and Jordan, logically comprising Quantum Mechanics and Quantum Optics, and the traditional view of the development of Quantum Mechanics. Drawing on original publications and letters written by the main protagonists of that time, it shows that Einstein’s contributions from 1905 to 1924 laid the essential foundations for the development of Quantum Theory. Einstein introduced quantization of the radiation field; Born added quantized mechanical behavior. In addition, Born recognized that Quantum Mechanics necessarily required Quantum Optics; his radical concept of truly discontinuous and statistical quantum transitions (“quantum leaps”) was directly based on Einstein’s physical concepts.Capellmann, HerbertTue, 10 Oct 2017 08:27:22 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/2287949['']Advanced multipoles for accelerator magnets: theoretical analysis and their measurement
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2287909
This monograph presents research on the transversal beam dynamics of accelerators and evaluates and describes the respective magnetic field homogeneity. The widely used cylindrical circular multipoles have disadvantages for elliptical apertures or curved trajectories, and the book also introduces new types of advanced multipole magnets, detailing their application, as well as the numerical data and measurements obtained. The research presented here provides more precise descriptions of the field and better estimates of the beam dynamics. Moreover, the effects of field inhomogeneity can be estimated with higher precision than before. These findings are further elaborated to demonstrate their usefulness for real magnets and accelerator set ups, showing their advantages over cylindrical circular multipoles. The research findings are complemented with data obtained from the new superconducting beam guiding magnet models (SIS100) for the FAIR (Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research) project. Lastly, the book offers a comprehensive survey of error propagation in multipole measurements and an appendix with Mathematica scripts to calculate advanced magnetic coil designs.Schnizer, PierreTue, 10 Oct 2017 08:26:47 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/2287909['']The H boson
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2287880
This volume provides a detailed description of the seminal theoretical construction in 1964, independently by Robert Brout and Francois Englert, and by Peter W. Higgs, of a mechanism for short-range fundamental interactions, now called the Brout-Englert-Higgs (BEH) mechanism. It accounts for the non-zero mass of elementary particles and predicts the existence of a new particle - an elementary massive scalar boson. In addition to this the book describes the experimental discovery of this fundamental missing element in the Standard Model of particle physics. The H Boson, also called the Higgs Boson, was produced and detected in the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) of CERN near Geneva by two large experimental collaborations, ATLAS and CMS, which announced its discovery on the 4th of July 2012. This new volume of the Poincaré Seminar Series, The H Boson, corresponds to the nineteenth seminar, held on November 29, 2014, at Institut Henri Po incaré in Paris.Bachas, CostasDuplantier, BertrandRivasseau, VincentTue, 10 Oct 2017 08:26:44 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/2287880['']The black book of quantum chromodynamics: a primer for the LHC era
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2286381
The Black Book of Quantum Chromodynamics is an in-depth introduction to the particle physics of current and future experiments at particle accelerators. The book offers the reader an overview of practically all aspects of the strong interaction necessary to understand and appreciate modern particle phenomenology at the energy frontier. It assumes a working knowledge of quantum field theory at the level of introductory textbooks used for advanced undergraduate or in standard postgraduate lectures. The book expands this knowledge with an intuitive understanding of relevant physical concepts, an introduction to modern techniques, and their application to the phenomenology of the strong interaction at the highest energies. Aimed at graduate students and researchers, it also serves as a comprehensive reference for LHC experimenters and theorists. This book offers an exhaustive presentation of the technologies developed and used by practitioners in the field of fixed-order perturbation theory and an overview of results relevant for the ongoing research programme at the LHC. It includes an in-depth description of various analytic resummation techniques, which form the basis for our understanding of the QCD radiation pattern and how strong production processes manifest themselves in data, and a concise discussion of numerical resummation through parton showers, which form the basis of event generators for the simulation of LHC physics, and their matching and merging with fixed-order matrix elements. It also gives a detailed presentation of the physics behind the parton distribution functions, which are a necessary ingredient for every calculation relevant for physics at hadron colliders such as the LHC, and an introduction to non-perturbative aspects of the strong interaction, including inclusive observables such as total and elastic cross sections, and non-trivial effects such as multiple parton interactions and hadronization. The book concludes with a useful overview contextualising data from previous experiments such as the Tevatron and the Run I of the LHC which have shaped our understanding of QCD at hadron colliders.Huston, JoeyKrauss, FrankCampbell, JohnFri, 29 Sep 2017 14:05:54 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/2286381['']Calorimetry: energy measurement in particle physics
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2280786
Particle physics is the science that pursues the age-old quest for the innermost structure of matter and the fundamental interactions between its constituents. Modern experiments in this field rely increasingly on calorimetry, a detection technique in which the particles of interest are absorbed in the detector. Calorimeters are very intricate instruments. Their performance characteristics depend on subtle, sometimes counter-intuitive design details. This book, written by one of the world's foremost experts, is the first comprehensive text on this topic. It provides a fundamental and systematic introduction to calorimetry. It describes the state of the art in terms of both the fundamental understanding of calorimetric particle detection, and the actual detectors that have been or are being built and operated in experiments. The last chapter discusses landmark scientific discoveries in which calorimetry has played an important role. This book summarizes and puts into perspective the work described in some 900 scientific papers, listed in the bibliography. This second edition emphasizes new developments that have taken place since the first edition appeared in 2000.Wigmans, RichardThu, 24 Aug 2017 11:26:21 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/2280786['']Quantum physics, mini black holes, and the multiverse: debunking common misconceptions in theoretical physics
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2270356
"Modern physics is rife with provocative and fascinating ideas, from quantum mechanics to the multiverse. But as interesting as these concepts are, they are also easy to understand. This book, written with deft hands by true experts in the field, helps to illuminate some of the most important and game-changing ideas in physics today." Sean M. Carroll "The Multiversal book series is equally unique, providing book-length extensions of the lectures with enough additional depth for those who truly want to explore these fields, while also providing the kind of clarity that is appropriate for interested lay people to grasp the general principles involved. " Lawrence M. Krauss This book explores, explains and debunks some common misconceptions about quantum physics, particle physics, space-time, and Multiverse cosmology. It seeks to separate science from pseudoscience. The material is presented in layperson-friendly language, followed by additional technical sections which explain basic equations and principles. This feature is very attractive to non-expert readers who nevertheless seek a deeper understanding of the theories, and wish to explore beyond just the basic description. Multiversal Journeys™ is a trademark of Farzad Nekoogar and Multiversal Journeys, a 501 (c) (3) nonprofit organization.Nomura, YasunoriPoirier, BillTerning, JohnNekoogar, FarzadSat, 17 Jun 2017 22:34:01 GMT30 Aug 2017https://cds.cern.ch/record/2270356['']An advanced course in computational nuclear physics: bridging the scales from quarks to neutron stars
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2267287
This graduate-level text collects and synthesizes a series of ten lectures on the nuclear quantum many-body problem. Starting from our current understanding of the underlying forces, it presents recent advances within the field of lattice quantum chromodynamics before going on to discuss effective field theories, central many-body methods like Monte Carlo methods, coupled cluster theories, the similarity renormalization group approach, Green’s function methods and large-scale diagonalization approaches. Algorithmic and computational advances show particular promise for breakthroughs in predictive power, including proper error estimates, a better understanding of the underlying effective degrees of freedom and of the respective forces at play. Enabled by recent improvements in theoretical, experimental and numerical techniques, the state-of-the art applications considered in this volume span the entire range, from our smallest components – quarks and gluons as the mediators of the strong force – to the computation of the equation of state for neutron star matter. The lectures presented provide an in-depth exposition of the underlying theoretical and algorithmic approaches as well details of the numerical implementation of the methods discussed. Several also include links to numerical software and benchmark calculations, which readers can use to develop their own programs for tackling challenging nuclear many-body problems.Hjorth-Jensen, MortenLombardo, MariaKolck, UbirajaraFri, 02 Jun 2017 09:32:04 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/2267287['']Memorial meeting for professor Abdus Salam's 90th birthday
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2266461
In honor of one of the most prolific and exciting scientists of the second half of the last century, a memorial meeting was organized by the Institute of Advanced Studies at Nanyang Technological University for Professor Abdus Salam's 90th Birthday in January 2016. Salam believed that "scientific thought is the common heritage of all mankind" and that the developing world should play its part, not merely by importing technology but by being the arbiter of its own scientific destiny. That belief saw him rise from humble beginnings in a village in Pakistan to become one of the world's most original and influential particle physicists, culminating in the 1979 Nobel Prize (shared with Glashow and Weinberg) for contributions to electroweak unification, which forms an integral part of the Standard Model. The book collected the papers presented at this memorable event which saw many distinguished scientists participating as speakers to reflect on Prof Salam's great passion for the science and achievements.Brink, LarsDuff, MichaelKhoo Phua, KokTue, 30 May 2017 08:55:49 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/2266461['']Introduction to accelerator dynamics
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2266082
How does a particle accelerator work? The most direct and intuitive answer focuses on the dynamics of single particles as they travel through an accelerator. Particle accelerators are becoming ever more sophisticated and diverse, from the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN to multi-MW linear accelerators and small medical synchrotrons. This self-contained book presents a pedagogical account of the important field of accelerator physics, which has grown rapidly since its inception in the latter half of the last century. Key topics covered include the physics of particle acceleration, collision and beam dynamics, and the engineering considerations intrinsic to the effective construction and operation of particle accelerators. By drawing direct connections between accelerator technology and the parallel development of computational capability, this book offers an accessible introduction to this exciting field at a level appropriate for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, accelerator scientists, and engineers.Peggs, StephenSatogata, ToddSat, 27 May 2017 22:38:03 GMT31 Aug 2017https://cds.cern.ch/record/2266082['']Know this: today's most interesting and important scientific ideas, discoveries, and developments
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2261515
Today's most visionary thinkers reveal the cutting-edge scientific ideas and breakthroughs you must understand. Scientific developments radically change and enlighten our understanding of the world -- whether it's advances in technology and medical research or the latest revelations of neuroscience, psychology, physics, economics, anthropology, climatology, or genetics. And yet amid the flood of information today, it's often difficult to recognize the truly revolutionary ideas that will have lasting impact. In the spirit of identifying the most significant new theories and discoveries, John Brockman, publisher of Edge.org ("The world's smartest website" -- The Guardian), asked 198 of the finest minds What do you consider the most interesting recent scientific news? What makes it important? Pulitzer Prize-winning author of Guns, Germs, and Steel Jared Diamond on the best way to understand complex problems * author of Seven Brief Lessons on Physics Carlo Rovelli on the mystery of black holes * Harvard psychologist Steven Pinker on the quantification of human progress * TED Talks curator Chris J. Anderson on the growth of the global brain * Harvard cosmologist Lisa Randall on the true measure of breakthrough discoveries * Nobel Prize-winning physicist Frank Wilczek on why the twenty-first century will be shaped by our mastery of the laws of matter * philosopher Rebecca Newberger Goldstein on the underestimation of female genius * music legend Peter Gabriel on tearing down the barriers between imagination and reality * Princeton physicist Freeman Dyson on the surprising ability of small (and cheap) upstarts to compete with billion-dollar projects. Plus Nobel laureate John C. Mather, Sun Microsystems cofounder Bill Joy, Wired founding editor Kevin Kelly, psychologist Alison Gopnik, Genome author Matt Ridley, Harvard geneticist George Church, Why Does the World Exist? author Jim Holt, anthropologist Helen Fisher, and more.Brockman, JohnFri, 28 Apr 2017 12:01:18 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/2261515['']Theoretical physics 6: quantum mechanics : basics
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2258736
This textbook offers a clear and comprehensive introduction to the basics of quantum mechanics, one of the core components of undergraduate physics courses. It follows on naturally from the previous volumes in this series, thus developing the physical understanding further on to quantized states. The first part of the book introduces wave equations while exploring the Schrödinger equation and the hydrogen atom. More complex themes are covered in the second part of the book, which describes the Dirac formulism of quantum mechanics. Ideally suited to undergraduate students with some grounding in classical mechanics and electrodynamics, the book is enhanced throughout with learning features such as boxed inserts and chapter summaries, with key mathematical derivations highlighted to aid understanding. The text is supported by numerous worked examples and end of chapter problem sets. About the Theoretical Physics series Translated from the renowned and highly successful German editions, the eight volumes of this series cover the complete core curriculum of theoretical physics at undergraduate level. Each volume is self-contained and provides all the material necessary for the individual course topic. Numerous problems with detailed solutions support a deeper understanding. Nolting is famous for his refined didactical style and has been referred to as the "German Feynman" in reviews.Nolting, WolfgangThu, 06 Apr 2017 12:31:12 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/2258736['']Thermodynamic properties of cryogenic fluids
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2257725
This update to a classic reference text provides practising engineers and scientists with accurate thermophysical property data for cryogenic fluids. The equations for fifteen important cryogenic fluids are presented in a basic format, accompanied by pressure-enthalpy and temperature-entropy charts and tables of thermodynamic properties. It begins with a chapter introducing the thermodynamic relations and functional forms for equations of state, and goes on to describe the requirements for thermodynamic property formulations, needed for the complete definition of the thermodynamic properties of a fluid. The core of the book comprises extensive data tables and charts for the most commonly-encountered cryogenic fluids. This new edition sees significant updates to the data presented for air, argon, carbon monoxide, deuterium, ethane, helium, hydrogen, krypton, nitrogen and xenon. The book supports and complements NIST’s REFPROP - an interactive database and tool for the calculation of thermodynamic properties of cryogenic fluids.Leachman, JacobJacobsen, Richard TLemmon, EricPenoncello, StevenFri, 31 Mar 2017 15:24:03 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/2257725['']