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CERN Document Server latest documents in BooksenThu, 23 Feb 2017 18:30:33 GMTInvenio 1.1.3.1106-62468cds.support@cern.ch360105336125https://cds.cern.ch/img/site_logo_rss.pngCERN Document Server
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17 big bets for a better world
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2253253
The adoption of the 2030 UN Sustainable Development Goals was a landmark for the global community and our global sustainability. Now, one year after the initiation of the goals , it is time to really start thinking about implementing and realizing the new global agenda. And it already obvious that traditional thinking will not suffice. To reach the new global goals by 2030, there is a pressing need to think creatively and innovatively. The annual investment gap amounts to US$ 2.5 trillion and the shortcoming of sufficient funding requires smart solutions, leverage of private sector capital and inclusion of civil society in new ways.The idea behind this book is to allow some of the world s most renowned thought-leaders to provide their perspectives on how we collectively reach the global goals. From an artist and a Michelin-chef to a bank president and a Nobel Peace Prize winner, this book presents innovative, bold, and credible solutions to the challenges we face as humanity.Tackmann, StigKampmann, KristianSkovby, HenrikThu, 23 Feb 2017 12:28:48 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/2253253['']Introduction to cosmology
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2253238
This second edition of Introduction to Cosmology is an exciting update of an award-winning textbook. It is aimed primarily at advanced undergraduate students in physics and astronomy, but is also useful as a supplementary text at higher levels. It explains modern cosmological concepts, such as dark energy, in the context of the Big Bang theory. Its clear, lucid writing style, with a wealth of useful everyday analogies, makes it exceptionally engaging. Emphasis is placed on the links between theoretical concepts of cosmology and the observable properties of the universe, building deeper physical insights in the reader. The second edition includes recent observational results, fuller descriptions of special and general relativity, expanded discussions of dark energy, and a new chapter on baryonic matter that makes up stars and galaxies. It is an ideal textbook for the era of precision cosmology in the accelerating universe.Ryden, BarbaraThu, 23 Feb 2017 08:55:14 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/2253238['']Introduction to plasma physics: with space, laboratory and astrophysical applications
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2253237
Introducing basic principles of plasma physics and their applications to space, laboratory and astrophysical plasmas, this new edition provides updated material throughout. Topics covered include single-particle motions, kinetic theory, magnetohydrodynamics, small amplitude waves in hot and cold plasmas, and collisional effects. New additions include the ponderomotive force, tearing instabilities in resistive plasmas and the magnetorotational instability in accretion disks, charged particle acceleration by shocks, and a more in-depth look at nonlinear phenomena. A broad range of applications are explored: planetary magnetospheres and radiation belts, the confinement and stability of plasmas in fusion devices, the propagation of discontinuities and shock waves in the solar wind, and analysis of various types of plasma waves and instabilities that can occur in planetary magnetospheres and laboratory plasma devices. With step-by-step derivations and self-contained introductions to mathematical methods, this book is ideal as an advanced undergraduate to graduate-level textbook, or as a reference for researchers.Bhattacharjee, AmitavaGurnett, Donald AThu, 23 Feb 2017 08:24:59 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/2253237['']Factorization algebras in quantum field theory
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2253232
Factorization algebras are local-to-global objects that play a role in classical and quantum field theory which is similar to the role of sheaves in geometry: they conveniently organize complicated information. Their local structure encompasses examples like associative and vertex algebras; in these examples, their global structure encompasses Hochschild homology and conformal blocks. In this first volume, the authors develop the theory of factorization algebras in depth, but with a focus upon examples exhibiting their use in field theory, such as the recovery of a vertex algebra from a chiral conformal field theory and a quantum group from Abelian Chern-Simons theory. Expositions of the relevant background in homological algebra, sheaves and functional analysis are also included, thus making this book ideal for researchers and graduates working at the interface between mathematics and physics.Gwilliam, OwenCostello, KevinThu, 23 Feb 2017 07:52:47 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/2253232['']A course in finite group representation theory
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2253229
This graduate-level text provides a thorough grounding in the representation theory of finite groups over fields and rings. The book provides a balanced and comprehensive account of the subject, detailing the methods needed to analyze representations that arise in many areas of mathematics. Key topics include the construction and use of character tables, the role of induction and restriction, projective and simple modules for group algebras, indecomposable representations, Brauer characters, and block theory. This classroom-tested text provides motivation through a large number of worked examples, with exercises at the end of each chapter that test the reader's knowledge, provide further examples and practice, and include results not proven in the text. Prerequisites include a graduate course in abstract algebra, and familiarity with the properties of groups, rings, field extensions, and linear algebra.Webb, PeterThu, 23 Feb 2017 07:47:00 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/2253229['']Groups, graphs and random walks
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2253225
An accessible and panoramic account of the theory of random walks on groups and graphs, stressing the strong connections of the theory with other branches of mathematics, including geometric and combinatorial group theory, potential analysis, and theoretical computer science. This volume brings together original surveys and research-expository papers from renowned and leading experts, many of whom spoke at the workshop 'Groups, Graphs and Random Walks' celebrating the sixtieth birthday of Wolfgang Woess in Cortona, Italy. Topics include: growth and amenability of groups; Schrödinger operators and symbolic dynamics; ergodic theorems; Thompson's group F; Poisson boundaries; probability theory on buildings and groups of Lie type; structure trees for edge cuts in networks; and mathematical crystallography. In what is currently a fast-growing area of mathematics, this book provides an up-to-date and valuable reference for both researchers and graduate students, from which future research activities will undoubtedly stem.Ceccherini-Silberstein, TullioSalvatori, MauraSava-Huss, EcaterinaThu, 23 Feb 2017 07:41:01 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/2253225['']Riemann surfaces and algebraic curves: a first course in Hurwitz theory
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2253224
Hurwitz theory, the study of analytic functions among Riemann surfaces, is a classical field and active research area in algebraic geometry. The subject's interplay between algebra, geometry, topology and analysis is a beautiful example of the interconnectedness of mathematics. This book introduces students to this increasingly important field, covering key topics such as manifolds, monodromy representations and the Hurwitz potential. Designed for undergraduate study, this classroom-tested text includes over 100 exercises to provide motivation for the reader. Also included are short essays by guest writers on how they use Hurwitz theory in their work, which ranges from string theory to non-Archimedean geometry. Whether used in a course or as a self-contained reference for graduate students, this book will provide an exciting glimpse at mathematics beyond the standard university classes.Miles, EricCavalieri, RenzoThu, 23 Feb 2017 07:33:36 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/2253224['']Computer networking: a top-down approach
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2252697
Unique among computer networking texts, the Seventh Edition of the popular Computer Networking: A Top Down Approach builds on the author’s long tradition of teaching this complex subject through a layered approach in a “top-down manner.” The text works its way from the application layer down toward the physical layer, motivating readers by exposing them to important concepts early in their study of networking. Focusing on the Internet and the fundamentally important issues of networking, this text provides an excellent foundation for readers interested in computer science and electrical engineering, without requiring extensive knowledge of programming or mathematics. The Seventh Edition has been updated to reflect the most important and exciting recent advances in networking.Ross, KeithKurose, JamesFri, 17 Feb 2017 07:11:57 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/2252697['']Exactly solvable models in many-body theory
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2252582
The book reviews several theoretical, mostly exactly solvable, models for selected systems in condensed states of matter, including the solid, liquid, and disordered states, and for systems of few or many bodies, both with boson, fermion, or anyon statistics. Some attention is devoted to models for quantum liquids, including superconductors and superfluids. Open problems in relativistic fields and quantum gravity are also briefly reviewed.The book ranges almost comprehensively, but concisely, across several fields of theoretical physics of matter at various degrees of correlation and at different energy scales, with relevance to molecular, solid-state, and liquid-state physics, as well as to phase transitions, particularly for quantum liquids. Mostly exactly solvable models are presented, with attention also to their numerical approximation and, of course, to their relevance for experiments.Angilella, G G NMarch, N HThu, 16 Feb 2017 08:13:28 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/2252582['']Lectures in nonlinear mechanics and chaos theory
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2252580
This elegant book presents a rigorous introduction to the theory of nonlinear mechanics and chaos. It turns out that many simple mechanical systems suffer from a peculiar malady. They are deterministic in the sense that their motion can be described with partial differential equations, but these equations have no proper solutions and the behavior they describe can be wildly unpredictable. This is implicit in Newtonian physics, and although it was analyzed in the pioneering work of Poincaré in the 19th century, its full significance has only been realized since the advent of modern computing. This book follows this development in the context of classical mechanics as it is usually taught in most graduate programs in physics. It starts with the seminal work of Laplace, Hamilton, and Liouville in the early 19th century and shows how their formulation of mechanics inevitably leads to systems that cannot be 'solved' in the usual sense of the word. It then discusses perturbation theory which, rather than providing approximate solutions, fails catastrophically due to the problem of small denominators. It then goes on to describe chaotic motion using the tools of discrete maps and Poincaré sections. This leads to the two great landmarks of chaos theory, the Poincaré-Birkhoff theorem and the so-called KAM theorem, one of the signal results in modern mathematics. The book concludes with an appendix discussing the relevance of the KAM theorem to the ergodic hypothesis and the second law of thermodynamics.Lectures on Nonlinear Mechanics and Chaos Theory is written in the easy conversational style of a great teacher. It features numerous computer-drawn figures illustrating the behavior of nonlinear systems. It also contains homework exercises and a selection of more detailed computational projects. The book will be valuable to students and faculty in physics, mathematics, and engineering.See Press Release: Problems in mechanics open the door to the orderly world of chaosStetz, Albert WThu, 16 Feb 2017 08:03:58 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/2252580['']Modern thermodynamics
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2252579
This textbook introduces thermodynamics with a modern approach, starting from four fundamental physical facts (the atomic nature of matter, the indistinguishability of atoms and molecules of the same species, the uncertainty principle, and the existence of equilibrium states) and analyzing the behavior of complex systems with the tools of information theory, in particular with Shannon's measure of information (or SMI), which can be defined on any probability distribution. SMI is defined and its properties and time evolution are illustrated, and it is shown that the entropy is a particular type of SMI, i.e. the SMI related to the phase-space distribution for a macroscopic system at equilibrium. The connection to SMI allows the reader to understand what entropy is and why isolated systems follow the Second Law of Thermodynamics. The Second Llaw is also formulated for other systems, not thermally isolated and even open with respect to the transfer of particles. All the fundamental aspects of thermodynamics are derived and illustrated with several examples in the first part of the book. The second part addresses important applications of thermodynamics, covering phase transitions, mixtures and solutions (including the Kirkwood-Buff approach and solvation thermodynamics), chemical equilibrium, and the outstanding properties of water.This textbook is unique in two aspects. First, thermodynamics is introduced with a novel approach, based on information theory applied to macroscopic systems at equilibrium. It is shown that entropy is a particular case of Shannon's measure of information (SMI), and the properties and time evolution of the SMI are used to explain the Second Law of Thermodynamics. This represents a real breakthrough, as classical thermodynamics cannot explain entropy, nor clarify why systems should obey the Second Law. Second, this textbook offers the reader the possibility to get in touch with important and advanced applications of thermodynamics, to address the topics discussed in the second part of the book. Although they may go beyond the content of a typical introductory course on thermodynamics, some of them can be important in the curriculum chosen by the student. At the same time, they are of appealing interest to more advance scholars.Casadei, DiegoBen-Naim, AriehThu, 16 Feb 2017 07:58:11 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/2252579['']Entropy: the truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2252578
This book discusses the proper definitions of entropy, the valid interpretation of entropy and some useful applications of the concept of entropy. Unlike many books which apply the concept of entropy to systems for which it is not even defined (such as living systems, black holes and the entire universe), these applications will help the reader to understand the meaning of entropy. It also emphasizes the limitations of the applicability of the concept of entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics. As with the previous books by the author, this book aims at a clear and mystery-free presentation of the central concept in thermodynamics — the entropy.In this book, the concepts of entropy and the Second Law are presented in a friendly, simple language. It is devoid of all kinds of fancy and pompous statements made by authors of popular science books who write on this subject.Ben-Naim, AriehThu, 16 Feb 2017 07:50:08 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/2252578['']Lecture notes on beam instrumentation and diagnostics: Joint University Accelerator School, January - March 2010
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2252577
Forck, PeterThu, 16 Feb 2017 07:26:56 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/2252577['']The ATLAS Experiment
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2252409
CERN. Geneva. Audiovisual UnitTue, 14 Feb 2017 14:41:57 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/2252409['']Cast irons
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2252302
Cast iron offers the design engineer a low-cost, high-strength material that can be easily melted and poured into a wide variety of useful, and sometimes complex, shapes. This latest handbook from ASM covers the entire spectrum of one of the most widely used and versatile of all engineered materials. The reader will find the basic, but vital, information on metallurgy, solidification characteristics, and properties. Extensive reviews are presented on the low-alloy gray, ductile, compacted graphite, and malleable irons. New and expanded material has been added covering high-alloy white irons used for abrasion resistance and high-alloy graphitic irons for heat and corrosion resistance. Also discussed are melting furnaces and foundry practices such as melting, inoculation, alloying, pouring, gating and rising, and molding. Heat treating practices including stress relieving, annealing, normalizing, hardening and tempering, autempering (of ductile irons), and surface-hardening treatments are covered, too. ASM Specialty Handbook: Cast Irons helps the reader learn about routine nondestructive testing to ensure the necessary casting quality, along with failure and metallograph analysis. Finally, property characteristics are thoroughly presented including physical, fatigue and fracture, and elevated-temperature. Contents include: Classification and Basic Metallurgy, Solidification Characteristics, Metallurgy and Properties, Melting Furnaces and Foundry Practices, Heat Treating, Welding and Brazing, Machining and Grinding, Surface Engineering, Inspection and Analysis, Fatigue and Fracture Properties, Elevated-Temperature Properties, Physical Properties, Corrosion Behavior, Index.Davis, J RMon, 13 Feb 2017 15:12:38 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/2252302['']Thermodynamics: a complete undergraduate course
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2249408
This is an undergraduate textbook in thermodynamics—the science of heat, work, temperature, and entropy. The text presents thermodynamics in and of itself, as an elegant and powerful set of ideas and methods. These methods open the way to understanding a very wide range of phenomena in physics, chemistry, engineering, and biology. Starting out from an introduction of concepts at first year undergraduate level, the roles of temperature, internal energy, and entropy are explained via the laws of thermodynamics. The text employs a combination of examples, exercises, and careful discussion, with a view to conveying the feel of the subject as well as avoiding common misunderstandings. The Feynman–Smuluchowski ratchet, Szilard’s engine, and Maxwell’s daemon are used to elucidate entropy and the second law. Free energy and thermodynamic potentials are discussed at length, with applications to solids as well as fluids and flow processes. Thermal radiation is discussed, and the main ideas significant to global warming are explained. Stability, negative temperature, and negative heat capacity are also explained, with an example application to black holes and Hawking radiation. All the thermodynamics required for an undergraduate course in the physical sciences is covered, and a few areas are continued to introductory graduate level. The final chapters discuss continuous phase transitions, fluctuations, and introductory non-equilibrium thermodynamics (the Onsager reciprocal relations and thermoelectricity).Steane, Andrew MMon, 13 Feb 2017 10:12:37 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/2249408['']Computational seismology: a practical introduction
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2248500
This volume is an introductory text to a range of numerical methods used today to simulate time-dependent processes in Earth science, physics, engineering, and many other fields. The physical problem of elastic wave propagation in 1D serves as a model system with which the various numerical methods are introduced and compared. The theoretical background is presented with substantial graphical material supporting the concepts. The results can be reproduced with the supplementary electronic material provided as Python codes embedded in Jupyter notebooks. The volume starts with a primer on the physics of elastic wave propagation, and a chapter on the fundamentals of parallel programming, computational grids, mesh generation, and hardware models. The core of the volume is the presentation of numerical solutions of the wave equation with six different methods: (1) the finite-difference method; (2) the pseudospectral method (Fourier and Chebyshev); (3) the linear finite-element method; (4) the spectral-element method; (5) the finite-volume method; and (6) the discontinuous Galerkin method. Each chapter contains comprehension questions, and theoretical and programming exercises. The volume closes with a discussion of domains of application and criteria for the choice of a specific numerical method, and the presentation of current challenges.Igel, HeinerMon, 13 Feb 2017 09:44:51 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/2248500['']Understanding symmetrical components for power system modeling
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2248498
This book utilizes symmetrical components for analyzing unbalanced three-phase electrical systems, by applying single-phase analysis tools. The author covers two approaches for studying symmetrical components; the physical approach, avoiding many mathematical matrix algebra equations, and a mathematical approach, using matrix theory. Divided into seven sections, topics include: symmetrical components using matrix methods, fundamental concepts of symmetrical components, symmetrical components –transmission lines and cables, sequence components of rotating equipment and static load, three-phase models of transformers and conductors, unsymmetrical fault calculations, and some limitations of symmetrical components.Das, J CMon, 13 Feb 2017 09:39:01 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/2248498['']From ER to E.T.: how electromagnetic technologies are changing our lives
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2248496
From ER to ET: How Electromagnetic Technologies Are Changing Our Lives explores electromagnetic wave theory including its founders, scientific underpinnings, ethical issues, and applications through history. Utilizing a format of short essays, this book explains in a balanced, and direct style how electromagnetic technologies are changing the world we live in and the future they may create for us. Quizzes at the end of each chapter provide the reader with a deeper understanding of the material. This book is a valuable resource for microwave engineers of varying levels of experience, and for instructors to motivate their students and add depth to their assignments.Bansal, RajeevMon, 13 Feb 2017 09:25:35 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/2248496['']Current signature analysis for condition monitoring of cage induction motors: industrial application and case histories
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2248495
This book has 13 chapters and contains a unique database of 50 industrial case histories on theapplication of MCSA to diagnose broken rotor bars or unacceptable levels of airgap eccentricity in cage induction motors with ratings from 127 kW (170 H.P.) to 10,160 kW (13,620 H.P.). There are also unsuccessful case histories which is another unique feature of the book. The case studies also illustrate the effects of mechanical load dynamics downstream of the motor on the interpretation of current signatures. A number of cases are presented where abnormal operation of the driven loadwas diagnosed.Culbert, IanThomson, William TMon, 13 Feb 2017 09:18:04 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/2248495['']Corrosion des circuits primaires dans les réacteurs à eaux sous pression: analyse historique
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2245446
Beslu, PierreThu, 09 Feb 2017 12:25:42 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/2245446['']Inertial confinement fusion driven thermonuclear energy
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2245445
Zohuri, BahmanThu, 09 Feb 2017 12:25:35 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/2245445['']Trusted platform modules: why, when and how to use them
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2245444
This book describes the primary uses for Trusted Platform Modules (TPMs) and practical considerations such as when TPMs can and should be used, when they shouldn't be, what advantages they provide, and how to actually make use of them, with use cases and worked examples of how to implement these use cases on a real system.Segall, ArielThu, 09 Feb 2017 12:25:35 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/2245444['']Periodic control of power electronic converters
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2245443
This book provides complete analysis and synthesis methods for periodic control systems, with plenty of practical application examples, to demonstrate these approaches in operation.Zhou, KeliangWang, DanweiYang, YonghengBlaabjerg, FredeThu, 09 Feb 2017 12:25:35 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/2245443['']Quantum transport in nanodevices
https://cds.cern.ch/record/2245442
Triozon, FrançoisDollfus, PhilippeThu, 09 Feb 2017 12:25:35 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/2245442['']