CERN Document Server: Books
https://cds.cern.ch
CERN Document Server latest documents in BooksenFri, 18 Apr 2014 00:18:07 GMTInvenio 1.1.0.156-1d5a9cds.support@cern.ch36088507125https://cds.cern.ch/img/site_logo_rss.pngCERN Document Server
https://cds.cern.ch
Search Search this site:p
https://cds.cern.ch/search
Lectures on formally real fields
https://cds.cern.ch/record/1696335
Absolute values and their completions - like the p-adic number fields- play an important role in number theory. Krull's generalization of absolute values to valuations made applications in other branches of mathematics, such as algebraic geometry, possible. In valuation theory, the notion of a completion has to be replaced by that of the so-called Henselization. In this book, the theory of valuations as well as of Henselizations is developed. The presentation is based on the knowledge aquired in a standard graduate course in algebra. The last chapter presents three applications of the general theory -as to Artin's Conjecture on the p-adic number fields- that could not be obtained by the use of absolute values only.Prestel, AlexanderThu, 17 Apr 2014 18:21:34 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/1696335Lectures on Choquet’s theorem
https://cds.cern.ch/record/1695977
A well written, readable and easily accessible introduction to "Choquet theory", which treats the representation of elements of a compact convex set as
integral averages over extreme points of the set. The interest in this material arises both from its appealing geometrical nature as well as its extraordinarily wide range of
application to areas ranging from approximation theory to ergodic theory. Many of these applications are treated in this book. This second edition is an expanded and updated version
of what has become a classic basic reference in the subject.Phelps, RobertThu, 17 Apr 2014 15:37:33 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/1695977The Selberg-Arthur trace formula: based on lectures by James Arthur
https://cds.cern.ch/record/1695976
This book based on lectures given by James Arthur discusses the trace formula of Selberg and Arthur. The emphasis is laid on Arthur's trace formula for GL(r),
with several examples in order to illustrate the basic concepts. The book will be useful and stimulating reading for graduate students in automorphic forms, analytic number theory,
and non-commutative harmonic analysis, as well as researchers in these fields. Contents: I. Number Theory and Automorphic Representations.1.1. Some problems in classical number
theory, 1.2. Modular forms and automorphic representations; II. Selberg's Trace Formula 2.1. Historical Remarks, 2.2. Orbital integrals and Selberg's trace formula, 2.3.Three
examples, 2.4. A necessary condition, 2.5. Generalizations and applications; III. Kernel Functions and the Convergence Theorem, 3.1. Preliminaries on GL(r), 3.2. Combinatorics and
reduction theory, 3.3. The convergence theorem; IV. The Ad lic Theory, 4.1. Basic facts; V. The Geometric Theory, 5.1. The JTO(f) and JT(f) distributions, 5.2. A geometric I-
function, 5.3. The weight functions; VI. The Geometric Expansionof the Trace Formula, 6.1. Weighted orbital integrals, 6.2. The unipotent distribution; VII. The Spectral Theory,
7.1. A review of the Eisenstein series, 7.2. Cusp forms, truncation, the trace formula; VIII.The Invariant Trace Formula and its Applications, 8.1. The invariant trace formula for
GL(r), 8.2. Applications and remarksShokranian, SalahoddinThu, 17 Apr 2014 15:37:33 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/1695976Lectures on amenability
https://cds.cern.ch/record/1695975
The notion of amenability has its origins in the beginnings of modern measure theory: Does a finitely additive set function exist which is invariant under a
certain group action? Since the 1940s, amenability has become an important concept in abstract harmonic analysis (or rather, more generally, in the theory of semitopological
semigroups). In 1972, B.E. Johnson showed that the amenability of a locally compact group G can be characterized in terms of the Hochschild cohomology of its group algebra L^1(G):
this initiated the theory of amenable Banach algebras. Since then, amenability has penetrated other branches of mathematics, such as von Neumann algebras, operator spaces, and even
differential geometry. Lectures on Amenability introduces second year graduate students to this fascinating area of modern mathematics and leads them to a level from where they can
go on to read original papers on the subject. Numerous exercises are interspersed in the text.Runde, VolkerThu, 17 Apr 2014 15:37:27 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/1695975Lectures on Seiberg-Witten invariants
https://cds.cern.ch/record/1695973
This book gives a streamlined introduction to the theory of Seiberg-Witten invariants suitable for second-year graduate students. These invariants can be used to prove that there are many compact topological four-manifolds which have more than one smooth structure, and that others have no smooth structure at all. This topic provides an excellent example of how global analysis techniques, which have been developed to study nonlinear partial differential equations, can be applied to the solution of interesting geometrical problems. In the second edition, some material has been expanded for better comprehension.Moore, John DouglasThu, 17 Apr 2014 15:37:27 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/1695973Resolution of surface singularities
https://cds.cern.ch/record/1695972
Cossart, VincentThu, 17 Apr 2014 15:37:27 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/1695972Les vies de Galilée: voyage à travers le temps et l'astronomie
https://cds.cern.ch/record/1695797
FiamiThu, 17 Apr 2014 11:40:44 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/1695797The lives of Einstein: a journey through time and the history of physics
https://cds.cern.ch/record/1695796
FiamiThu, 17 Apr 2014 11:34:52 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/1695796The lives of Marie Curie: a woman in the history of chemistry
https://cds.cern.ch/record/1695795
FiamiThu, 17 Apr 2014 11:28:34 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/1695795Experimentalphysik 3: Atome, Moleküle und Festkörper
https://cds.cern.ch/record/1695611
Der 3. Band des auf vier Bände angelegten Lehrbuchs präsentiert die Inhalte des 3. Semesters Physik leicht verständlich und dabei möglichst quantitativ. Durchgerechnete Beispiele im Text sowie Übungsaufgaben am Ende jedes Kapitels mit ausführlichen Lösungen helfen dabei, den Stoff zu bewältigen und regen zur Mitarbeit an. Wichtige Definitionen und Formeln sowie alle Abbildungen und Tabellen sind zweifarbig gestaltet. Die 4. Auflage wurde grundlegend überarbeitet, aktualisiert sowie erweitert – und dem Bachelor-Studiengang angepasst.Demtröder, WolfgangWed, 16 Apr 2014 11:49:36 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/1695611Semiconductor industry: wafer fab exhaust management
https://cds.cern.ch/record/1695580
Given the myriad exhaust compounds and the corresponding problems that they can pose in an exhaust management system, the proper choice of such systems is a complex task. Presenting the fundamentals, technical details, and general solutions to real-world problems, Semiconductor Industry: Wafer Fab Exhaust Management offers practical guidance on selecting an appropriate system for a given application. Using examples that provide a clear understanding of the concepts discussed, Sherer covers facility layout, support facilities operations, and semiconductor process equipment, followed by exhaust types and challenges. He reviews exhaust point-of-use devices and exhaust line requirements needed between process equipment and the centralized exhaust system. The book includes information on wet scrubbers for a centralized acid exhaust system and a centralized ammonia exhaust system and on centralized equipment to control volatile organic compounds. It concludes with a chapter devoted to emergency releases and a separate chapter of examples illustrating these systems in use. Drawing on the author's 20 years of industry experience, the book shows you how to customize strategies specific to your needs, solve current problems, and prevent future issues in your exhaust management systems.Sherer, Michael JWed, 16 Apr 2014 08:03:01 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/1695580What's inside the proton: the invisibly obvious
https://cds.cern.ch/record/1695577
Physicists believe that they know very well about the structure of protons and neutrons. Is it really so? It appears that there are nearly twenty unsolved experimental results in this field, some of them exist nearly 80 years without explanation. This book discusses these mysteries in language understandable by many popular science readers. If you have a good understanding in scientific issues, then here you will find a unique opportunity to solve them... by yourself! Eliyahu Comay is a theoretical physicist, born in 1932, who published scientific articles with predictions which were almost always against wall to wall consensus of the physicist community. All his predictions appeared to be correct to date. Among others, he predicted that the Higgs particle, Dirac monopoles, glueballs, SQM, pentaquarks, di-barions and the electric Aharanov-Bohm effect would not be found.Comay, OferWed, 16 Apr 2014 07:05:03 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/1695577The new organon, or, True directions concerning the interpretation of nature
https://cds.cern.ch/record/1695197
Francis Bacon's New Organon, published in 1620, was revolutionary in its attempt to give formal philosophical shape to a new and rapidly emerging experimental science. It challenged the entire edifice of the philosophy and learning of Bacon's time, and left its mark on all subsequent discussions of scientific method.Bacon, FrancisMon, 14 Apr 2014 17:34:04 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/1695197Electromagnetic theory and applications
https://cds.cern.ch/record/1695188
Electromagnetic Theory and Applications aims to serve as a textbook for Physics and Engineering Students. The book covers vector algebra, electrostatics, electric field in dielectrics, boundary value problems, magnetostatics, Maxwell equations and wave propagation, waves at an interface, transmission lines and wave guides, retarded potentials and radiating systems.Saxena, A KMon, 14 Apr 2014 15:12:35 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/1695188Waves and particles: two essays on fundamental physics
https://cds.cern.ch/record/1695170
The book consists of two separate parts, the first part is on waves and the second part on particles. In part 1, after describing the awesome power of tsunami and the history of their occurrences, the book turns to the history of explaining phenomena by means of mathematical equations. Then it describes other wave phenomena and the laws governing them: the vibration of strings and drums in musical instruments, the sound waves making them audible, ultrasound and its uses, sonar, and shock waves; electromagnetic waves: light waves, refraction, diffraction, why the sky is blue, the rainbow, and the glory; microwaves and radio waves: radar, radio astronomy, the discovery of the cosmic microwave background radiation, microwave ovens and how a radio works, lasers and masers; waves in modern physics: the Schrödinger wave function and gravitational waves in general relativity; water waves in the ocean, tides and tidal waves, and the quite different solitary waves, solitons discovered in canals. Finally we return to tsunami and the question of what laws govern them. We conclude that the answer to that question is not quite known yet, but there is ongoing research to solve the riddle. In part 2, the history of the idea of atoms is reviewed, and then the scientific evidence for their existence, with Rutherford's discovery of the atomic nucleus. The investigation of what the nucleus is like follows, including the discovery of the neutron, followed by that of the neutrino — of which there are several different kinds — and the muon as well as the pion. The important work of Paul Dirac is described, as well as the discovery of the positron and other antiparticles. The ways by which particles are discovered, by cloud chambers, bubble chambers, etc. are all explained, followed by the invention of the various machines to accelerate particles to high speeds: the cyclotron, the synchrotron, and the bigger and bigger machines, in the US as well as in Switzerland, including their storage rings. The new terminology of fermions and bosons are explained, followed by the remarkable use of group theory and group representations by matrices, whose unfamiliar algebra is carefully explained.Newton, Roger GMon, 14 Apr 2014 14:49:32 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/1695170Dinamica dispozitivelor cuantice
https://cds.cern.ch/record/1695152
Grigorescu, MariusMon, 14 Apr 2014 13:55:31 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/1695152Tesla: the life and times of an electric messiah
https://cds.cern.ch/record/1694777
Despite being incredibly popular during his time, Nikola Tesla today remains largely overlooked among lists of the greatest inventors and scientists of the modern era. Thomas Edison gets all the glory for discovering the light bulb, but it was his one time assistant and life long arch nemesis, Tesla, who made the breakthrough in alternating current technology. Edison and Tesla carried on a bitter feud for years, but it was Tesla's AC generators that illuminated the 1893 World's Fair in Chicago; the first time that an event of such magnitude had ever taken place under artificial light. Today, all homes and electrical appliances run on Tesla's AC current.Born in Croatia in 1856, Tesla spoke eight languages and as well as almost single handedly developing household electricity. During his life, he patented more than 700 inventions. He invented electrical generators, FM radio, remote control robots, spark plugs and fluorescent lights. He had a photographic memory and did advanced calculus and physics equations in his head.Of course, like many other eccentric geniuses, Tesla was completely insane. He was prone to nervous breakdowns, claimed to receive weird visions in the middle of the night, spoke to pigeons, and occasionally thought he was receiving electromagnetic signals from extra terrestrials on Mars. He was an obsessive compulsive hating round objects and anything that wasn't divisible by the number three. Nikola Tesla was the ultimate mad scientist.Cawthorne, NigelSat, 12 Apr 2014 22:03:09 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/1694777Novum organum II: going beyond the scientific research model
https://cds.cern.ch/record/1694774
In 1620, the British politician and philosopher Francis Bacon published Novum Organum (New Method) and formalized the previously scattershot methods of scientific experimentation into a method able to be replicated. In due time, the Western world would build an intellectual empire on the basis of Bacon’s concepts of scientific research. The West’s university and its scientific and medical systems all stem from Bacon’s philosophy. But after nearly four hundred years; it is time for something new again. In mathematics, theoretical physics, and philosophy, a quiet revolution has begun. Thinkers who can study across disciplines and form analogies, who take seriously the History and Philosophy of Science and its problems of metaphysics and epistemology, have been making impressive breakthroughs. These methods have been, up until now, as random as the process of experimentation was in Bacon’s day. This timely book has come to formalize these methods, build upon Bacon’s scientific research model, and to ultimately go beyond it.Edwards, ChrisSat, 12 Apr 2014 22:03:03 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/1694774Visual complexity: mapping patterns of information
https://cds.cern.ch/record/1694723
Lima, ManuelFri, 11 Apr 2014 11:20:57 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/1694723Metrology and measurement
https://cds.cern.ch/record/1694513
Kulkarni, Vinay AThu, 10 Apr 2014 14:09:10 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/1694513Women in physics
https://cds.cern.ch/record/1694487
What does it take to be a physicist? Lise Meitner, Katharine Blodgett, Maria Goeppert-Mayer, Chien-Shiung Wu, Ursula Franklin, Argelia Velez-Rodriguez, Sau Lan Wu, Shirley Ann Jackson, Lisa Randall and opportunities for women in physics today.Indovino, ShainaThu, 10 Apr 2014 08:42:17 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/1694487Epoxy polymers: new materials and innovations
https://cds.cern.ch/record/1694350
Pascault, Jean-PierreWed, 09 Apr 2014 14:28:02 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/1694350Plastics additives handbook
https://cds.cern.ch/record/1694349
Maier, RalphWed, 09 Apr 2014 14:16:45 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/1694349Le simulateur LTspice IV: manuel, méthodes et applications
https://cds.cern.ch/record/1694348
LTspice est un logiciel de simulation électronique qui permet d'anticiper les caractéristiques et les performances d'un circuit électronique en assemblant à l'écran des composants virtuels. A partir du noyau spice développé à l'université Berkeley mais très peu convivial, la société Linar Technology (LT) a développé une version plus visuelle, plus facile d'emploi, et gratuite. Cet ouvrage est à la fois un manuel utilisateur qui va de la prise en main à une utilisation très poussée de LTspice IV, et un recueil d'exemples et de procédures avec plus de 470 illustrations. Toutes les commandes et les définitions sont expliquées et classées par thème. Cette deuxième édition intègre les dernières générations de circuits intégrés produits par Linear Technology.Brocard, GillesWed, 09 Apr 2014 14:08:12 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/1694348Biomimicry: innovation inspired by nature
https://cds.cern.ch/record/1694347
Benyus, Janine MWed, 09 Apr 2014 14:04:57 GMThttps://cds.cern.ch/record/1694347