CERN Accelerating science

Title Laboratory tests on neutron shields for gamma-ray detectors in space
Author(s) Hong, J ; Craig, W W ; Hailey, C J
In: Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., A 452 , 1-2 (2000) 192-204
Subject category Detectors and Experimental Techniques
Abstract Shields capable of suppressing neutron-induced background in new classes of gamma-ray detectors such as CdZnTe are becoming important for a variety of reasons. These include a high cross section for neutron interactions in new classes of detector materials as well as the inefficient vetoing of neutron-induced background in conventional active shields. We have previously demonstrated through Monte-Carlo simulations how our new approach, supershields, is superior to the monolithic, bi-atomic neutron shields which have been developed in the past. We report here on the first prototype models for supershields based on boron and hydrogen. We verify the performance of these supershields through laboratory experiments. These experimental results, as well as measurements of conventional monolithic neutron shields, are shown to be consistent with Monte-Carlo simulations. We discuss the implications of this experiment for designs of supershields in general and their application to future hard X-ray/gamma-ray experiments.

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