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CERN Accelerating science

Published Articles

Nyeste elementer:
2021-05-09
06:00
Composite fast scintillators based on high-Z fluorescent metal–organic framework nanocrystals / Perego, J (Milan Bicocca U.) ; Villa, I (Milan Bicocca U.) ; Pedrini, A (Milan Bicocca U.) ; Padovani, E C (Milan Bicocca U.) ; Crapanzano, R (Milan Bicocca U.) ; Vedda, A (Milan Bicocca U.) ; Dujardin, C (Lyon U.) ; Bezuidenhout, Charl X (Milan Bicocca U.) ; Bracco, S (Milan Bicocca U.) ; Sozzani, P E (Milan Bicocca U.) et al.
Scintillators, materials that produce light pulses upon interaction with ionizing radiation, are widely employed in radiation detectors. In advanced medical-imaging technologies, fast scintillators enabling a time resolution of tens of picoseconds are required to achieve high-resolution imaging at the millimetre length scale. [...]
2021 - 8 p. - Published in : Nature Photon. 15 (2021) 393-400

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2021-05-09
06:00
Measuring the Muon (g−2): Precision with Precession / Petrucci, Guido
2017 - 6 p. Fulltext: PDF;
In : The 600 MeV Synchrocyclotron: Laying the Foundations, pp.32-37

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2021-05-09
06:00
Discovery of the π → eν Decay: Rare and Precious / Fidecaro, Giuseppe (CERN)
2017 - 4 p. Fulltext: PDF;
In : The Proton Synchrotron (PS): At the Core of the CERN Accelerators, pp.29-32

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2021-05-09
06:00
The Rotary Capacitor: Tuning Acceleration / Hohbach, Reinhold (CERN) ; Hübner, Kurt (CERN)
2017 - 3 p. Fulltext: PDF;
In : The Proton Synchrotron (PS): At the Core of the CERN Accelerators, pp.27-29

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2021-05-09
06:00
The 600 MeV Synchrocyclotron: Laying the Foundations: Introduction / Allardyce, Brian (CERN) ; Fidecaro, Giuseppe (CERN)
2017 - 12 p. - Published in : Adv. Ser. Direct. High Energy Phys.: 27 (2017) , pp. 15-26 Fulltext: PDF;

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2021-05-07
08:51
Towards Realistic Implementations of Large Imaging Calorimeters / Emberger, Lorenz Konrad (Munich, Max Planck Inst.) /CALICE Collaboration
The next generation of collider detectors will most likely make full use of Particle Flow algorithms, requiring precision tracking and imaging calorimeters. The latter, with granularity 2 to 3 orders of magnitude above existing devices, have been developed during the last 15 years by the CALICE collaboration and are now approaching maturity. [...]
SISSA, 2019 - 5 p. - Published in : PoS EPS-HEP2019 (2020) 178 Fulltext: PDF;
In : European Physical Society Conference on High Energy Physics (EPS-HEP) 2019, Ghent, Belgium, 10 - 17 Jul 2019, pp.178

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2021-05-07
08:51
Study of the Effects of Radiation at the CERN Gamma Irradiation Facility on the CMS Drift Tubes Muon Detector for the HL-LHC on the CMS DT for the HL-LHC / Gonzalez Fernandez, Juan Rodrigo (Oviedo U.) ; Group, On Behalf Of The Cms Muon /CMS Muon Collaboration
The CMS drift tubes (DT) muon detector, built for standing up the LHC expected integrated and instantaneous luminosities, will be used also in the High Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC) at a 5 times larger instantaneous luminosity and, consequently, much higher levels of radiation, reaching about 10 times the LHC integrated luminosity. Initial irradiation tests of a spare DT chamber at the CERN gamma irradiation facility (GIF++), at large (~O(100)) acceleration factor, showed aging effects resulting in a degradation of the DT cell performance; however, full CMS simulations have shown almost no impact in the muon reconstruction efficiency over the full barrel acceptance and for the full integrated luminosity. [...]
SISSA, 2019 - 5 p. - Published in : PoS EPS-HEP2019 (2020) 173 Fulltext: PDF;
In : European Physical Society Conference on High Energy Physics (EPS-HEP) 2019, Ghent, Belgium, 10 - 17 Jul 2019, pp.173

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2021-05-07
08:51
The Micromegas chambers for the upgrade of the forward muon detector of ATLAS / Samarati, Jerome (CERN) /ATLAS Muon Collaboration
The ATLAS Collaboration at the LHC has chosen the resistive Micromegas technology, along with the small-strip Thin Gap Chambers, for the high luminosity upgrade of the first muon station in the high-η region (i.e.1.3 < |η| < 2.7), the so called New Small Wheel project. After the R&D; phase, design and prototyping phase, the first series production Micromegas quadruplets are being constructed at the involved construction sites (France, Germany, Italy, Russia and Greece). [...]
SISSA, 2019 - 6 p. - Published in : PoS EPS-HEP2019 (2020) 171 Fulltext: PDF;
In : European Physical Society Conference on High Energy Physics (EPS-HEP) 2019, Ghent, Belgium, 10 - 17 Jul 2019, pp.171

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2021-05-07
08:51
CMS Run 2 High Level Trigger Performance / Sert, Hale (Aachen, Tech. Hochsch.) /CMS Collaboration
The Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) experiment selects events with a two-level trigger system, the Level-1 (L1) trigger and the High Level trigger (HLT). The HLT is a farm of approximately 30K CPU cores that reduces the rate from 100 kHz to about 1 kHz. [...]
SISSA, 2019 - 5 p. - Published in : PoS EPS-HEP2019 (2020) 165 Fulltext: PDF;
In : European Physical Society Conference on High Energy Physics (EPS-HEP) 2019, Ghent, Belgium, 10 - 17 Jul 2019, pp.165

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2021-05-07
08:51
Studies of RPC detector operation with eco-friendly gas mixtures under irradiation at the CERN Gamma Irradiation Facility / Rigoletti, Gianluca (Lyon U.) ; Aielli, Giulio (Rome U., Tor Vergata) ; Alberghi, Gian Luigi (INFN, Bologna) ; Benussi, Luigi (Frascati) ; Bianchi, Antonio (INFN, Turin ; Turin U.) ; Bianco, Stefano (Frascati) ; Stante, Luigi Di (Rome U., Tor Vergata) ; Boscherini, Davide (INFN, Bologna) ; Bruni, Alessia (INFN, Bologna) ; Camarri, Paolo (Rome U.) et al.
Resistive Plate Chamber (RPC) detectors are widely used at the CERN LHC experiments as muon trigger thanks to their excellent time resolution. They are operated with a Freon-based gas mixture containing $C_2 H_2 F_4$ and $SF_6$, both greenhouse gases (GHG) with a very high global warming potential (GWP).The search of new environmentally friendly gas mixtures is necessary to reduce GHG emissions and costs as well as to optimize RPC performance.Several recently available gases with low GWP have been identified as possible replacements for $C_2 H_2 F_4$ and $SF_6$.In particular, eco-friendly gas mixtures based on the HFO-1234ze have been investigated on 1.4 and 2 mm single-gap and double-gap RPCs.The RPC detectors have been tested at the CERN Gamma Irradiation Facility (GIF++), which provides a high energy muon beam combined with an intense gamma source allowing to simulate the background expected at HL-LHC.The performance of RPCs were studied at different gamma rates with the new environmentally friendly gases by measuring ohmic and physics currents, fluorine radicals and HF production, rate capability and induced charge.Preliminary results on the long-term effects on the performance of the detectors are presented in this study..
SISSA, 2020 - 7 p. - Published in : PoS EPS-HEP2019 (2020) 164 Fulltext: PDF;
In : European Physical Society Conference on High Energy Physics (EPS-HEP) 2019, Ghent, Belgium, 10 - 17 Jul 2019, pp.164

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