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2016-09-23
09:10
Deformation and fracture of echinoderm collagen networks / Ovaska, Markus ; Bertalan, Zsolt ; Miksic, Amandine ; Sugni, Michela ; Di Benedetto, Cristiano ; Ferrario, Cinzia ; Leggio, Livio ; Guidetti, Luca ; Alava, Mikko J ; La Porta, Caterina A M et al.
Collagen networks provide the main structural component of most tissues and represent an important ingredient for bio-mimetic materials for bio-medical applications. Here we study the mechanical properties of stiff collagen networks derived from three different echinoderms and show that they exhibit non-linear stiffening followed by brittle fracture. [...]
arXiv:1609.06847.- 2016 - Published in : Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials 65 (2017) 42 External link: Preprint

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2016-09-23
09:10
Fluctuations in protein aggregation: Design of preclinical screening for early diagnosis of neurodegenerative disease / Costantini, Giulio ; Budrikis, Zoe ; Taloni, Alessandro ; Buell, Alexander K ; Zapperi, Stefano ; La Porta, Caterina A M
Autocatalytic fibril nucleation has recently been proposed to be a determining factor for the spread of neurodegenerative diseases, but the same process could also be exploited to amplify minute quantities of protein aggregates in a diagnostic context. Recent advances in microfluidic technology allow analysis of protein aggregation in micron-scale samples potentially enabling such diagnostic approaches, but the theoretical foundations for the analysis and interpretation of such data are so far lacking. [...]
arXiv:1609.06843.- 2016 - Published in : Phys. Rev. Applied: 6 (2016) , pp. 034012 External link: Preprint

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2016-09-23
09:10
Carbon cluster diagnostics-I: Direct Recoil Spectroscopy (DRS) of Ar+ and Kr+ bombarded graphite / Ahmad, Shoaib ; Akhtar, M N ; Qayyum, A ; Ahmad, B ; Bahar, K ; Arshed, W
Measurements of the energy spectra of multiply charged positive and negative carbon ions recoiling from graphite surface under 100 and 150 keV argon and krypton ion bombardment are presented. With the energy spectrometer set at recoil angle of 79.5 degrees, direct recoil (DR) peaks have been observed with singly as well as multiply charged carbon ions , where n = 1 to 6. [...]
arXiv:1609.06746.- 2016 - 9 p. - Published in : Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B: 122 (1997) , pp. 19 External link: Preprint

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2016-09-23
09:10
Two New Theories for the Current Charge Relativity and the Electric Origin of the Magnetic Force Between Two Filamentary Current Elements / Shadid, Waseem G T
This paper presents two new theories and a new current representation to explain the magnetic force between two filamentary current elements as a result of electric force interactions between current charges. The first theory states that a current has an electric charge relative to its moving observer. [...]
arXiv:1609.06731.- 2016 - 24 p. - Published in : IEEE Access, vol. 4, no. , pp. 4509-4533, 2016 External link: Preprint

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2016-09-23
09:08
Proof of Bekenstein-Mukhanov ansatz in loop quantum gravity / Majhi, Abhishek
A simple proof of Bekenstein-Mukhanov(BM) ansatz is given within the loop quantum gravity(LQG) framework. The macroscopic area of an equilibrium black hole horizon indeed manifests a linear quantization. [...]
arXiv:1609.07125.- 2016 - 5 p. - Published in : Mod. Phys. Lett. A 31 (2016) 1650171 External link: Preprint

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2016-09-23
09:08
Fast Evolution and Waveform Generator for Extreme-Mass-Ratio Inspirals in Equatorial-Circular Orbits / Han, Wen-Biao
In this paper we discuss the development of a fast and accurate waveform model for the quasi-circular orbital evolution of extreme-mass-ratio-inspirals (EMRIs). This model simply employs the data of a few numerical Teukoulsky-based energy fluxes and waveforms to fit out a set of polynomials for the entire fluxes and waveforms. [...]
arXiv:1609.06817.- 2016 - 19 p. - Published in : Class. Quantum Gravity 33 (2016) 065009 External link: Preprint

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2016-09-23
09:06
The Distribution of Dark and Luminous Matter in the Unique Galaxy Cluster Merger Abell 2146 / King, Lindsay J ; Clowe, Douglas I ; Coleman, Joseph E ; Russell, Helen R ; Santana, Rebecca ; White, Jacob A ; Canning, Rebecca E A ; Deering, Nicole J ; Fabian, Andrew C ; Lee, Brandyn E et al.
Abell 2146 ($z$ = 0.232) consists of two galaxy clusters undergoing a major merger. The system was discovered in previous work, where two large shock fronts were detected using the $\textit{Chandra X-ray Observatory}$, consistent with a merger close to the plane of the sky, caught soon after first core passage. [...]
arXiv:1609.06734.- 2016 - 12 p. - Published in : Code: 2016, MNRAS, 459, 517 External link: Preprint

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2016-09-23
09:05
Upper bound on the center-of-mass energy of the collisional Penrose process / Hod, Shahar
Following the interesting work of Ba\~nados, Silk, and West [Phys. Rev. [...]
arXiv:1609.06717.- 2016 - 5 p. - Published in : Phys. Lett. B 759 (2016) 593 External link: Preprint

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2016-09-22
08:26
Quantum State Effusion / Wiseman, Howard M
I give a scientific perspective, with a personal emphasis, on the seminal 1992 paper, "The quantum-state diffusion model applied to open systems", by Gisin and Percival..
arXiv:1609.06572.- 2016 - Published in : J. Phys. A 49 (2016) 411002 External link: Preprint

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2016-09-22
08:26
Rethinking Newton's $\textit{Principia}$ / Saunders, Simon
It is widely accepted that the notion of an inertial frame is central to Newtonian mechanics and that the correct space-time structure underlying $\text{Newton's}$ methods in $\textit{Principia}$ is neo-Newtonian or Galilean space-time. I argue to the contrary that inertial frames are not needed in $\text{Newton's}$ theory of motion, and that the right space-time structure for $\text{Newton's}$ $\textit{Principia}$ requires the notion of parallelism of spatial directions at different times and nothing more..
arXiv:1609.06130.- 2016 - 25 p. - Published in : . (2013) External link: Preprint

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