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CERN Yellow Report Articles

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2018-05-01
07:27
Particle Physics Instrumentation / Wingerter-Seez, I. (Annecy, LAPP)
This reports summarizes the three lectures on particle physics instrumentation given during the AEPSHEP school in November 2014 at Puri-India. The lectures were intended to give an overview of the interaction of particles with matter and basic particle detection principles in the context of large detector systems like the Large Hadron Collider..
arXiv:1804.11246.- 2018-04-30 - 20 p. - Published in : 10.23730/CYRSP-2017-002.295 Fulltext: PDF;
In : Proceedings, 2nd Asia-Europe-Pacific School of High-Energy Physics (AEPSHEP 2014), pp.295-314

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2018-05-01
07:24
Cosmology / Rubakov, V.A. (Moscow, INR ; Moscow State U.)
Cosmology and particle physics are deeply interrelated. Among the common problems are dark energy, dark matter and baryon asymmetry of the Universe. [...]
arXiv:1804.11230.- 2017 - 56 p. - Published in : , pp. 239-294
Fulltext: PDF; Preprint: PDF; External link: Fulltext
In : 2nd Asia-Europe-Pacific School of High-Energy Physics, Puri, India, 04 - 17 Nov 2014, pp.239-294 (CERN-2017-005-SP)

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2018-04-27
08:55
Field Theory and the Electro-Weak Standard Model / Godbole, Rohini M. (Bangalore, Indian Inst. Sci.)
In this set of four lectures I will discuss some aspects of the Standard Model (SM) as a quantum field theory and related phenomenological observations which have played a crucial role in establishing the $SU(2)_{L} \times U(1)_{Y}$ gauge theory as the correct description of Electro-Weak (EW) interactions. I will first describe in brief the idea of EW unification as well as basic aspects of the Higgs mechanism of spontaneous symmetry breaking. [...]
arXiv:1703.04978.- 2017-03-15 - 61 p. - Published in : 10.23730/CYRSP-2017-002.1 Preprint: PDF;
In : 2nd Asia-Europe-Pacific School of High-Energy Physics, Puri, India, 04 - 17 Nov 2014, pp.1-61 (CERN-2017-005-SP)

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2018-04-26
07:21
Imaging in Radiotherapy / Parodi, Katia
With the continued evolution of modern radiation therapy towards high precision delivery of high therapeutic doses to the tumour while optimally sparing surrounding healthy tissue, imaging becomes a crucial component to identify the intended target, properly position it at the treatment site and, in more advanced research applications, visualize the treatment delivery. This contribution reviews the main role of imaging in modern external beam radiation therapy, with special emphasis on emerging ion beam therapy techniques, which aim at exploiting the favourable properties of ion interaction in matter for unprecedented ballistic accuracy in dose delivery
arXiv:1804.08519.- 2018-04-23 - Published in : 10.23730/CYRSP-2017-001.71 Fulltext: PDF;
In : CAS - CERN Accelerator School: Accelerators for Medical Applications, Vösendorf, Austria, 26 May - 5 Jun 2015, pp.71-78 (CERN-2017-004-SP)

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2018-04-26
07:21
Future (of) Synchrotrons for Particle Therapy / Flanz, Jay
The field of particle therapy is quickly growing and yet it's more widespread adoption is limited by size, cost and adaptation to the more conformal treatment techniques. In order to realize the benefits of this modality the equipment used to generate and deliver the beam is evolving. [...]
arXiv:1804.08987.- 2018-04-24 - Published in : 10.23730/CYRSP-2017-001.293 Fulltext: PDF;
In : CAS - CERN Accelerator School: Accelerators for Medical Applications, Vösendorf, Austria, 26 May - 5 Jun 2015, pp.293-307 (CERN-2017-004-SP)

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2018-04-26
07:21
Radiobiological Characterization of Clinical Proton and Carbon-Ion Beams / Scalliet, Pierre ; Gueulette, John
Electromagnetic radiation (photons) or particle beam (protons or heavy ions) have similar biological effects, i.e. damage to human cell DNA that eventually leads to cell death if not correctly repaired. [...]
arXiv:1804.08500.- 2018-04-23 - Published in : 10.23730/CYRSP-2017-001.1 Fulltext: PDF;
In : CAS - CERN Accelerator School: Accelerators for Medical Applications, Vösendorf, Austria, 26 May - 5 Jun 2015, pp.1-11 (CERN-2017-004-SP)

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2018-04-26
07:19
Cyclotrons: Magnetic Design and Beam Dynamics / Zaremba, Simon (IBA, Louvain-la-Neuve) ; Kleeven, Wiel (IBA, Louvain-la-Neuve)
Classical, isochronous, and synchro-cyclotrons are introduced. Transverse and longitudinal beam dynamics in these accelerators are covered. [...]
arXiv:1804.08961.- 2018-04-24 - 63 p. - Published in : 10.23730/CYRSP-2017-001.177 Fulltext: PDF;
In : Proceedings, CAS-CERN Accelerator School: Accelerators for Medical Applications, pp.177-239

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2018-04-26
07:19
Medical Physics Commissioning / Meer, David (PSI, Villigen)
The medical commissioning is an important step to bring a particle gantry into clinical operation for tumour treatments. This involves the parametrization and characterization of all relevant systems including the beam delivery, the patient table, the imaging systems and the connection to all required software components. [...]
arXiv:1804.08983.- 2018-04-24 - 7 p. - Published in : 10.23730/CYRSP-2017-001.285 Fulltext: PDF;
In : Proceedings, CAS-CERN Accelerator School: Accelerators for Medical Applications, pp.285-291

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2018-04-26
07:19
Therapy Control and Patient Safety for Proton Therapy / Grossmann, Martin (PSI, Villigen)
This contribution describes general concepts for control and safety systems in proton therapy. These concepts are illustrated by concrete examples implemented in the Proscan facility at PSI..
arXiv:1804.08990.- 2018-04-24 - 11 p. - Published in : 10.23730/CYRSP-2017-001.309 Fulltext: PDF;
In : Proceedings, CAS-CERN Accelerator School: Accelerators for Medical Applications, pp.309-319

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2018-04-26
07:18
Beam Dynamics in Synchrotrons / Holzer, Bernhard (CERN)
The paper gives an overview of the particle dynamics in synchrotrons and storage rings. Both, transverse as well as the longitudinal plane are described in linear approximation. [...]
arXiv:1804.08873.- 2017 - 32 p. - Published in : 10.23730/CYRSP-2017-001.253 Fulltext: PDF;
In : Proceedings, CAS-CERN Accelerator School: Accelerators for Medical Applications, pp.253-284

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