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2020-10-31
06:54
Integration of Detectors into a Large Experiment: Examples from ATLAS and CMS / Froidevaux, Daniel (CERN)
The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is the proton-proton accelerator which began operation in 2010 in the existing LEP tunnel at CERN in Geneva, Switzerland. It represents the next major step in the high-energy frontier beyond the Fermilab Tevatron (proton-antiproton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 2 TeV), with its design centre-of-mass energy of 14 TeV and luminosity of 1034 cm−2s−1 [...]
Cham : Springer, 2020 - 91 p. - Published in : (2020) , pp. 693-783
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2020-10-31
06:54
Detector Simulation / Apostolakis, J (CERN)
This chapter provides an overview of particle and radiation transport simulation, as it is used in the simulation of detectors in High Energy and Nuclear Physics (HENP) experiments and, briefly, in other application areas. The past decade has seen significant growth in the availability of large networked computing power and particle transport tools with increasing precision available to HENP experiments, and enabled the use of detailed simulation at an unprecedented scale..
Cham : Springer, 2020 - 47 p. - Published in : (2020) , pp. 485-531
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2020-10-31
06:54
Particle Identification: Time-of-Flight, Cherenkov and Transition Radiation Detectors / Forty, Roger (CERN) ; Ullaland, Olav (CERN)
Particle identification, PID, is of crucial importance in most experiments. The requirement can range from positive π/K identification in B-physics channels like B\(^0_{\mathrm {s}}\rightarrow \)D\(^\mp _{\mathrm {s}}\)K± against a background from B\(^0_{\mathrm {s}}\rightarrow \)D\(^-_{\mathrm {s}}\pi ^+\) which is ∼15 times more abundant, to e/π separation at the level of ∼ 10−2 for momenta > 1 GeV/c in order to effectively suppress a combinatorial background in channels like leptonic decays of heavy vector resonances..
Cham : Springer, 2020 - 55 p. - Published in : (2020) , pp. 281-335
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2020-10-31
06:54
Gaseous Detectors / Hilke, H J (CERN) ; Riegler, W (CERN)
All gaseous detectors signal the passage of charged particles by gathering the electrons from the ion pairs produced in the gas, usually after some amplification. The history of the gas detectors starts with the counter described by Rutherford and Geiger in 1908 [1]. [...]
Cham : Springer, 2020 - 46 p. - Published in : (2020) , pp. 91-136
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2020-10-31
06:54
Scintillation Detectors for Charged Particles and Photons / Lecoq, P (CERN)
As any radiation detector, a scintillator is an absorbing material, which has the additional property to convert into light a fraction of the energy deposited by ionizing radiation. Charged and neutral particles interact with the scintillator material through the well-known mechanisms of radiation interactions in matter described by many authors [1, 2]. [...]
Cham : Springer, 2020 - 45 p. - Published in : (2020) , pp. 45-89
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2020-10-31
06:54
The Interaction of Radiation with Matter / Bichsel, Hans (CERN) ; Schindler, Heinrich (CERN)
This chapter reviews the electromagnetic interactions of photons and charged particles with matter, with emphasis placed on the energy loss of fast charged particles due to collisions with electrons..
Cham : Springer, 2020 - 40 p. - Published in : (2020) , pp. 5-44
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2020-10-31
06:54
The Future of Particle Physics: The LHC and Beyond / Peach, Ken (JAI, UK)
I have been asked to submit a revised version of this chapter, published almost a decade ago. However, I think that it is better to leave the historical record as it was—this was an article written in its time and for its time. [...]
Cham : Springer, 2020 - 6 p. - Published in : (2020) , pp. 625-630
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2020-10-31
06:54
The Discovery of the Higgs Boson at the LHC / Jenni, Peter (CERN ; Freiburg U.) ; Virdee, Tejinder S (Imperial Coll., London)
In July 2012 the ATLAS and CMS experiments announced the discovery of a Higgs boson, confirming the conjecture put forward in the 1960’s. This article briefly traces the history of the Brout-Englert-Higgs mechanism, its impact on the elucidation of the standard model, the design and construction of the ATLAS and CMS experiments, and finally the discovery of the Higgs boson. [...]
Cham : Springer, 2020 - 47 p. - Published in : (2020) , pp. 263-309
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2020-10-31
06:54
Edge-TCT Characterisation on TowerJazz CMOS Sensor for the ITK Phase II Upgrade / Sharma, Abhishek (Oxford U.) ; Solans Sanchez, Carlos (CERN) ; Bortoletto, Daniela (Oxford U.)
The upcoming Phase II upgrade of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) for the High Luminosity LHC requires the characterisation of new pixel sensors intended to be installed within the ATLAS experiment's inner tracker by 2024. The Edge Transient Current Technique is used to probe prototype TowerJazz Investigator I test structures to study their radiation hardness performance including depletion levels and charge sharing..
SISSA, 2018 - 6 p. - Published in : PoS Vertex2017 (2018) 055 Fulltext: PDF;
In : The 26th International Workshop on Vertex Detectors, Las Caldas, Spain, 10 - 15 Sep 2017, pp.055

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2020-10-31
06:54
Ultimate Colliders for Particle Physics: Limits and Possibilities / Shiltsev, V D (Fermilab)
The future of the world-wide HEP community critically depends on the feasibility of the concepts for the post-LHC Higgs factories and energy frontier future colliders. Here we overview the accelerator options based on traditional technologies and consider the need for plasma colliders, particularly, muon crystal circular colliders. [...]
FERMILAB-CONF-19-354-AD-APC.- 2019 - 8 p. - Published in : Int. J. Mod. Phys. A 34 (2019) 1943002
- Published in : (2020) , pp. 5-12 Fulltext: PDF; External link: Fermilab Accepted Manuscript
In : Beam Acceleration in Crystals and Nanostructures: Proceedings of the Workshop, Batavia, IL, USA, 24 - 25 Jun 2019, pp.1943002

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